Article abstracts (Vol. 1, no. 1 Spring 2018)
INTERDISCIPLINARITY AS COGNITIVE INTEGRATION:
AUDITORY VERBAL HALLUCINATIONS AS A CASE STUDY
Marco Bernini, Ph.D.
Post-Doctoral Research Associate,
Durham University (UK)
Angela Woods, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Medical Humanities,
Durham University (UK)
In this article, we advocate a bottom-up direction for the methodological modeling of interdisciplinary research based on concrete interactions among individuals within interdisciplinary projects. Drawing on our experience in Hearing the Voice (a cross-disciplinary project on auditory verbal hallucinations running at Durham University), we focus on the dynamic if also problematic integration of cognitive science (neuroscience, cognitive psychology, and of mind), phenomenology, and humanistic disciplines (literature, narratology, history, and theology). We propose a new model for disciplinary integration which brings to the fore an under-investigated dynamic of interdisciplinary projects, namely their being processes of distributed cognition and cognitive integration.
WHO AM I CALLED TO BE?: A THERAPIST’S-EYE VIEW OF THE LIFE VOCATIONS
Michael L. Brock, Psy.D., LPC
Adjunct Professor, University of Dallas
Psychotherapist in private practice
Of the various components of personal identity, career or life vocation looms large; for many, it takes center stage. Life vocations counseling consists of a discernment process that involves both the more surface issues regarding fit between personality and career and the deeper questions of meaning and purpose, a sense of calling, and energy and passion. Central to this discernment is the concept of soul, understood not in a religious sense but as an indicator of the deepest part of the self. The counselor’s role in this process is to engage the client in discussion related to both the surface questions and those that plumb the depths of the psyche, oftentimes beginning with the former and moving toward the latter. A familiar model distinguishes among job (which meets our basic needs), career (which addresses esteem), and calling (which involves one’s sense of contribution). It is the deeper questions that move the client toward contribution.
THE CREATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTERPERSONAL-COGNITIVE-
BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT SYSTEM (I-CBT)
Thomas A. Cordier, Ph.D.
Founding Executive Director,
The Cordier Institute for I-CBT and Psychiatry
The I-CBT treatment system for children, adolescents, adults and families was designed in order to address our nations struggling mental health system and the treatment gaps that deter the proper delivery of mental health treatment. The system was also developed in order to change the way mental health treatment is delivered in the United States and throughout the world. It is comprised of a number of effective treatment constituents the majority of them highly validated (i.e., structured cognitive-behavioral-therapy (CBT), solution focused talk therapy, emotional intelligence (EI) training, neurology, parent empowerment training (PET), individual therapy, various patient groups designed for an array of psychopathologies, visual and auditory educational methodologies, and psychopharmacology) for those patients that have a need for medication. The I-CBT treatment system works to provide above optimal treatment and training to patients and their families, providers as well as medical, mental health and academic institutions. In this article the author discusses the reasons behind developing the I-CBT system. How the system evolved as well as a brief description about how it works. He also identifies the obstacles that individuals can be confronted with when setting up their own clinical practice.
GERIATRIC DEPRESSION MANAGEMENT: EVIDENCE- BASED NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL
TREATMENTS IN REVIEW
John H. Morgan, Ph.D., D.Sc., Psy.D.
Senior Fellow in Behavioral Science (ret.),
Foundation House/Oxford (UK)
Neither psychotherapeutic nor biological psychiatry has made a name for itself in developing new approaches to the treatment of depression among the palliative care patient community. However, what is now being called palliative care psychiatry is on the rise as an emerging subspecialty where palliative medicine and psychiatry converge (Fairman & Irwin, 2013). The interfacing of palliative care medicine with psychiatry is being heralded throughout the medical community as a positive step forward in the development of modalities of treatment, both pharmacologically-linked and psychotherapeutic, which may be further researched and evidence-based tested for efficacy. The following is a review of the most current literature reporting on this newly emerging development in the palliative care of the elderly.
METHODOLOGY OF MEANING-CENTRED EXISTENTIAL ANALYSIS
Péter Sárkány, Ph.D.
Professor of Social Pedagogy,
Eszterhazy Karoly University of Applied Sciences (Hungary)
Some of the methods often discussed in the literature of logotherapy and existential analysis are paradoxical intention, dereflection and attitude modulation (cf. Lukas 2006). Scholarly studies rarely discuss existential analysis, or the fact that existential analysis can be regarded as a step-by-step independent phenomenological procedure. The purpose of my paper is to sketch the phenomenological method of existential analysis. The train of thought is as follows: First, I reconstruct the meanings of existential analysis as formulated by Viktor Frankl, and lay out my statements about the subject. Then I sketch the methodological steps of the method called “meaning-centred existential analysis.” Finally, I compare the meaning-centred existential analysis with the concepts of Dasein-analysis and existential psychotherapy.
NORMALITY, PATHOLOGICAL ORIENTATION, AND POWER: CAN BEHAVIOR ANALYTIC
INTERVENTION FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH ASD QUALIFY AS HUMANISTIC?
Eric Shyman, Ed.D.
Associate Professor of Child Study,
St. Joseph’s College
This article is intended as a philosophical exploration of the nature of behavior analytic interventions as it concerns normality, pathological orientation, and power. More specifically, it is a critical examination as to whether behavior analysis could be considered a humanistic approach to intervention. The framework of the current argument is presented primarily as a position paper, with a goal to contribute to the critical discourse involving the examination of all interventions applied to human beings. It is especially important to closely examine those that are apt to be considered as dominant in both policy and practice, as is the case with behavior analysis, in order to secure the dignity of all individuals who receive such services.
WHAT IS THE STATE OF THE MEDICAL PROFESSION TODAY?: A REFLECTION ON
PHYSICIAN RESPONSIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN THE FACE OF A RAPIDLY
CHANGING HEALTHCARE LANDSCAPE
Michael Teiger, M.D.
Associate Clinical Professor,
University of Connecticut Health Center
The world of medical practice has changed dramatically over the past 10 years, not to mention over the past generation where the model of medical practice, which had been primarily entrepreneurial individual or small group practice, has morphed into an employed mega-group model with standards dictated by insurers, accountable care organizations (ACO) and hospitals. A physician who used to answer to his patient alone now has multiple overseers to respond to, and job satisfaction is directly affected by this changing paradigm. The following article discusses the issues of physician job satisfaction in the 21st century as well as the perceived responsibilities of the physician in his new role in health care delivery.
THE ROLE OF CULTURAL CONGRUENCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY EFFICACY: EVIDENCE FROM
A NETWORK META-ANALYSIS IN CHINA
Hui Xu, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Counseling Psychology,
Loyola University Chicago
Although there has been notable popularization of Western models of psychotherapy around the world, there has been little research examining the cross-cultural efficacy of psychotherapy. Based on the common factor model of psychotherapy, the present article discussed the importance of culture congruence and the cross-cultural issue of psychotherapy efficacy. The present article additionally reviewed a recent meta-analytic study examining the relation between cultural congruence and psychotherapy efficacy in China, which innovatively proposed a two-dimension model (i.e., experiential-analytic and subjective-objective) to operationalize culture congruence. The network meta-analysis supported a hypothesized ranked order of psychotherapy efficacy with indigenous therapy and humanistic/experiential therapy being more effective than cognitive behavioral therapy in China. The practical and theoretical implications of the results were discussed along with future suggestions.